Dental hygiene is very important for good health not just for humans, but for dogs as well. Oral hygiene can protect your dog from many dental diseases which may cause severe suffering and annoyance. Since prevention is better than the cure, here we present to you some of the basic tips you can easily integrate in your dog's routine.
1. Make your dog confortable with mouth handling
Many dogs show resistance when you try to open its mouth or somehow get inside there. The first and the foremost thing to do is to make him/her comfortable with his/her mouth being handled and cared. You need to slowly place on hand on top and the other below its jaw and slowly open the mouth to check its teeth and gums. Frequently do this checking. You don't need to have a certain special time allotted for this job; you can check the mouth while your dog is sitting on your lapping or playing. Make this a habit of yourdogso that it gets easy with the mouth being takencareof. This is also very important to check the teething in the starting few weeks.
2. Monitor the entire set of teeth
You need to check the entire set of yourpuppy's teethfrequently. Most of the breeds grow teeth between 8-12 months of age. Called the deliciousteeth, these are temporaryteeththat fall off to grow the adult teeth. Adult teeth take varying time to come out depending on the type of breed, but usually it takes 7 to 8 month's times. From very little age you need to check yourdog's teethto ensure they are growing properly in time. If this is not the case, you should consult your vet. This also helps you in ensuring that there is nothing wrong with yourdog's teeth. For example, sometimes there's problem in the gums tissue that prevents theteethfrom growing, sometimes two teeth can grow on top of each other causing difficulty in chewing, and there may also be chewing problems or sore gums.
3. Provide Objects to Chew on
Dogs need something to chew on to providereliefto their sore gums. They would get their mouths on everything unlike other pets. You should make sure that they have appropriate items and toys tochewon instead of something very hard or, of course, the household items that may get damaged. Thechewtoy shouldn't be very hard it should be enough hard to provide relief to its teeth while at the same time flexible. In case yourdog chewson just about everything, check its dental hygiene, provide necessarycare, and in case you want to protect your household items, get a bitter taste deterrent and apply it to the item.
4. Provide Diet that is Healthy for the Teeth
This is a good way to providedental care. A good diet is the one that develops strong bones and teeth. Crunching foods like dry kibble is a good choice. Chewing it would scrape the bacteria and other unwanted stuff off the surface of the teeth. Occasional treats also help in this regard. Provide your dog the food that is both good for its health and according to its preference.
5. Tooth brushing
This may sound a little hard, but once your dog is comfortable with mouth handling it won't be that big a problem. Brushing regularly will allow your dog to clan off the tartar which may lead to gingivitis and periodontal diseases due to bacteria. Get a toothbrush and canine-specific toothpaste for your dog and start off slowly so that he/she may develop good comfort with it. Then repeat the same at the same time each day so that your dog would expect it and get used to it.